Today, we have compared two advanced countries of Europe: Germany and France.
Germany is a country that ranks as one of the best for technology and is a front-runner in technological and engineering advances. Many well-loved automobile manufacturers are German such as Audi, BMW, Porsche, Mercedes-Benz and Volkswagen. The official name of Germany is Federal Republic of Germany. France, on the other hand is one of the most-visited countries of the world. Each year more than 90 million tourists visit France. The official name of France is French Republic. It is noteworthy that historically, after the United Kingdom, France ruled most parts of the world. At one time, France controlled 8% land of the whole world.
In this article, we will be comparing these two countries in detail, based on several factors, ranging from their population to their railway systems.
Let us begin by talking about the Gross Domestic Product or GDP of these two countries. The nominal GDP of Germany is $3.951 trillion which makes it the 4th largest economy in the world. France on the other hand ranks globally as the 7th largest, with a nominal GDP of $2.707 trillion. Comparing the countries by GDP per capita, Germany is at US$47,662 whereas France comes in pretty close at US$41,761.
Germany’s growth rate is 1.5% while France’s growth rate is 1.6%.
One commonality between the two countries is that both Germany and France use the Euro as their currency with One Euro’s value being around 1.12 US$.
A good way to comparatively visualise these countries is to analyse their total area. Germany ranks 62nd in the world with total area of 357,386 km². It is interesting to note that in Germany there still are thousands of unexploded bombs leftover from World War II and more than 5000 buried bombs are found and diffused on an annual basis. On the other hand, France has a total area of 643,801 km², making it the 42nd largest country in the world.
Berlin is the capital of Germany and its largest city while Paris is the capital of France and is also its largest city.
Let us now compare Germany and France by their population. Germany has a population of 83 million making it the 17th largest country in the world and the 2nd largest in Europe by population.
It is a known fact that Germany has had quite a chilling past under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler who was responsible for the deaths of more than 20 million people. After the World War II there was a severe imbalance in the gender ratio in Germany with only 350 men to every 1000 women.
In comparison, France has a population of 67 million people, making it the 22nd largest country in the world and 4th largest in Europe by population. An accurate way of considering this comparison is population density: Germany has 232 people / km² while France has 105 people / km².
Now let us compare the religions practised in each of these countries. In Germany 56% of Germans practice Christianity, 38% are atheists, 4% are Muslim and 1% follow other religions. In comparison, in France, 51% are Christians, 39% are atheists, 5.6% are Muslim, and 3% follow Judaism and other religions.
5. Football teams
It would be sacrilege to talk about Germany and France without touching upon their national football teams!! Both countries have been passionate about the sport of football for decades, but Germany has been more successful than France at winning. Germany has won the World Cup a total of four times, in 1954, 1974,1990 and 2014; while France have been World champions twice, in 1998 and 2018.
Moving on, let’s talk about language of communication. German is the official language of Germany. While it is the most-used language, other languages like French, Russian, English and Spanish are also in use. In France 88% of the people speak French while the other 12% use Arabic, Portuguese, Spanish, Italian, English and German languages.
7. Space Programs
Let us now talk a bit about the Space Programs of each of these countries. Germany’s space agency is the German Aerospace Center or DLR. With an annual budget of $2.55 billion, it ranks as the 8th largest space program in the world. On the other hand, France too has a big space initiative. Its National Center for Space or CNES ranks as the 10th largest in the world, with an annual budget of $2.43 billion .
Now let’s take a look at the airports in Germany and France. There are 36 international airports in Germany with Frankfurt airport being the busiest airport in the country. France has 34 international airports and its busiest airport is Charles de Gaulle airport in Paris.
9. Poverty rate
Even with respect to the poverty rate, that is percentage of people that are below the poverty line, these countries are neck and neck, with Germany’s poverty rate at 15% and that of France at 14%.
10. Literacy rate
Germany as well as France, both boast a very high literacy rate of almost 99%. With excellent education systems in place each of these countries support students. In Germany, European as well as international students do not pay tuition fees, whereas in France, all students other than international students can get a free education.
11. Military budget
Let us now peek at the military budget of these two countries. Germany has the 8th largest military budget in the world and it is $49.5 billion. In contrast, France spends more on its military, with a budget of $63.8 billion, that makes it the 5th largest military budget globally. This reflects in their overall military power with Germany’s military power index score being 0.2097, ranking 10th; while France’s military power index score is 0.1584 and rank of 5th
12. Fertility rate
How do these countries compare according to fertility rates? Germany has a fertility rate of 1.48 births per woman; while France has a fertility rate of 1.98 births per woman.
13. Life expectancy
When we compare the life expectancy in both these countries, we find that in Germany it is 80.64 years, while in France it is 82.27 years.
14. Largest cities
Now to compare the top ten largest cities in each country. Germany’s top ten cities are Berlin, Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Dusseldorf, Dortmund, Essen and Leipzig. France’s top ten largest cities are Paris, Marseille, Lyon, Toulouse, Nice, Nantes, Strasbourg, Montpellier, Bordeaux and Lille.
15. Unemployment rate
When we analyse the unemployment rates in these countries, we find Germany has an unemployment rate of 3.1%, while that in France is 8.8%.
Despite this, the HDI or human development index is very high for both these countries. Germany ranks 4th in the world with an HDI of 0.939; whereas France ranks 26th in the world with an HDI of 0.891.
Are you curious to know how many billionaires live in these countries? Well Germany rank 4th in the world with 114 billionaires while France ranks 11th with 38 billionaires calling it their home.
18. Average internet speed
The average internet speed in Germany is 15.3 MBPS and that of France is 10.8 MBPS
19. Railway systems
What about their railway systems? German railway system has a total track length of 41,315 km. Of these 19,587 km are electrified. With respect to the total length of tracks, Germany ranks 6th France’s railway system has a total track length of 29,901 km of which 15,100 km is electrified, thus France’s railway system is ranked the 13th largest in the world.
Which country did you like the most? Leave us a comment and let us know!
Today’s question of the Article is: “Which currency is used in Germany and France?” Leave us your answer in the comment box.