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State Comparison

Maharashtra vs Gujarat | State Comparison 2020

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Do you know the formation day of both Maharashtra and Gujarat states happened on May 1st, 1960? Yes, you heard Correct, as, before 1960, both Maharashtra and Gujarat came under the state of Bombay. But the Gujarati and Marathi people wanted to create their own separate state, that’s why the Gujarati people started the Maha-Gujarat Movement and the Marathi people started the United Maharashtra Movement in 1956, due to which on  May 1, 1960, the Bombay State was divided into two parts, and one state was named Maharashtra and the other one named Gujarat.

Maharashtra Gujarat
State Map
Region Western Western
Governor Bhagat Singh Koshyari Acharya Devvrat
Chief Minister (CM) Uddhav Thackeray Vijay Rupani

1. GDP – Gross Domestic Product

The gross domestic product is a way of measuring the economic health of any state or country. GDP of Maharashtra state is US$430 Billion and in terms of GDP, it is the largest state of India. while the GDP of Gujarat State is US$230 Billion and It is the 3rd largest state of India.

The GDP of the Gujarat state has been increasing at a rate of 12% for the last 12 years, which is actually more than the GDP growth rate of China.

Maharashtra Gujarat
GDP US$430 Billion US$230 Billion
GDP Wise Rank in India 1st 3rd
GDP per Capita Uddhav Thackeray Vijay Rupani

2. The population of Maharashtra vs Gujarat

Talking about population, the population of Maharashtra is around 11.42 crores and it is the 2nd largest state of India in terms of population. The population density of Maharashtra is 360/km2. on the other hand, the population of Gujarat is 6.27 crore and it is the 9th largest state of India in terms of population. The population density of Gujarat is 304/km2.

Maharashtra Gujarat
Population US$430 Billion US$230 Billion
Population Wise Rank in India 2nd 9th
Population density 360/km2 304/km2

3. Area of Maharashtra vs Gujarat

Friends, if we talk about the area, then the total area of Maharashtra is 3,06,133 km2 and in terms of area, it is the 3rd largest state of India after Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. Mumbai is the capital and largest city of Maharashtra. Maharashtra has a total of 34 districts. While Gujarat State has an area of 1,99,026 km2 and it is the 6th largest state of India in terms of area. Gandhinagar is the capital of Gujarat and Ahmedabad is the largest city here.

Maharashtra Gujarat
Area US$430 Billion US$230 Billion
Area Wise Rank in India 2nd 9th
Total Districts 34 33
Capital City Mumbai Mumbai
Largest City Gandhinagar Ahmedabad

4. Religion in Maharashtra VS Gujarat

Talking about the religion, In Maharashtra, it has 79.8% Hinduism, 11.5% Islam, 5.8% Buddhism, 1.2% Jainism, 1% Christianity, 0.7% Sikhism and other religious people living in Maharashtra while In Gujarat 88.57% Hinduism, 10.56% Islam, 0.96% Jainism, 0.52% Christianity, 0.10% Sikhism, 0.08% Buddhism and other religious people living in Gujarat.

Maharashtra Gujarat
Religion 79.8% Hinduism,

11.5% Islam,

5.8% Buddhism,

1.2% Jainism,

1% Christianity,

0.7% Sikhism

and other religions

88.57% Hinduism,

10.56% Islam,

0.96% Jainism,

0.52% Christianity,

0.10% Sikhism,

0.08% of Buddhism

and other religions


5. Languages Spoken in Maharashtra VS Gujarat

Speaking of languages, Marathi(68.93%) is the most spoken language in Maharashtra and Marathi is also the official language here. Apart from Marathi, 12.89% Hindi, 6.71% Urdu, 2.11% Gujarati and remaining 9.36% of people speak Telugu and other languages.

While Gujarati is the most spoken and official language of Gujarat State. Here 85.97% Gujarati, 7.06% Hindi, 1.96% Sindhi, 1.52% Marathi, 3.49% Urdu and other languages are spoken in Gujarat State.

Maharashtra Gujarat
Languages 68.93% Marathi

12.89% Hindi,

6.71% Urdu,

2.11% Gujarat

and the remaining

9.36% Telugu

and other languages

85.97% Gujarati,

7.06% Hindi,

1.96% Sindhi,

1.52% Marathi,

3.49% Urdu

and other Languages

Official Languages Marathi Gujarati
Most spoken language Marathi Gujarati

6. Famous food of Maharashtra VS Gujarat

Now Let me tell you about the top famous food of these two states. In Maharashtra, you can get to eat Vadapav, Misal Pav, Pav Bhaji, Puran Poli, coconut Modak, Kanda Poha, Solkadhi, Peethal Bhakar, Amaras, Chicken Kolhapuri, and Aloo Wadi.

While in Gujarat, you can find Khaman Dhokla, Thepla, Fafda-Jalebi, Khandvi, Undhiu, Handwo, Dabeli, Muthia, Khichu and Gujarati Kadhi to eat.

Maharashtra Gujarat
Famous Food Vadapav,

Misal Pav,

Pav Bhaji,

Puran Poli,

coconut Modak,

Kanda Poha,

Solkadhi,

Peethal Bhakar,

Amaras,

Chicken Kolhapuri,

and Aloo Wadi.

Khaman Dhokla,

Thepla,

Fafda-Jalebi,

Khandvi,

Undhiu,

Handwo,

Dabeli,

Muthia,

Khichu

and

Gujarati Kadhi


7. Literacy rate of Maharashtra VS Gujarat 

Talking about literacy rate the literacy rate of Maharashtra is 82.34%, while Gujarat’s literacy rate is 80%.

Maharashtra Gujarat
Literacy Rate 82.34% 80%

8. Fertility Rate of Maharashtra VS Gujarat 

The fertility rate of Maharashtra is 1.6 births per woman, while the fertility rate in Gujarat is 2.2 births per woman.

Maharashtra Gujarat
Fertility Rate 1.6 births per woman 2.2 births per woman

9. Top 10 Largest Cities of Maharashtra VS Gujarat

Friends, if you talk about the top 10 largest cities of these two states, then the top 10 largest cities of Maharashtra include cities like Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur, Nashik, Aurangabad, Solapur, Dhule, Amravati, Kolhapur, and Nanded. While in Gujarat includes cities like Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodara, Rajkot, Bhavnagar, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Gandhinagar, Gandhidham, and Nadiad.

Maharashtra Gujarat
Top 10 Largest Cities Mumbai,

Pune,

Nagpur,

Nashik,

Aurangabad,

Solapur,

Dhule,

Amravati,

Kolhapur,

and Nanded.

Ahmedabad,

Surat,

Vadodara,

Rajkot,

Bhavnagar,

Jamnagar,

Junagadh,

Gandhinagar,

Gandhidham,

and Nadiad.


10. Poverty Rate of Maharashtra VS Gujarat 

If we talk about the poverty rate, the poverty rate of Maharashtra is c whereas the poverty rate of Gujarat is 16.63%. This means that 16.63% of the people of Gujarat are below the poverty line.

Maharashtra Gujarat
Poverty Rate 16.63% 16.63%

11. Most celebrated festivals of Maharashtra VS Gujarat 

Talking about the festivals of both the states, Ganesh Utsav, Janmashtami, Narli Purnima, Gudi Padwa and Makar Sankranti are the most celebrated festivals in Maharashtra While in Gujarat Navratri, Rann Utsav, Shyamlalji Mela, Janmashtami, and Uttarayan are most celebrated festivals.

Maharashtra Gujarat
Festivals Ganesh Utsav,

Janmashtami,

Narli Purnima,

Gudi Padwa

and Makar Sankranti

Navratri,

Rann Utsav,

Shyamlalji Mela,

Janmashtami,

and Uttarayan


12. Famous people from Maharashtra VS Gujarat 

Friends, famous people of Maharashtra include Chhatrapati Shivji Maharaj, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, Lokmanya Tilak, Swatantraveer Savarkar, Balasaheb Thackeray, Anna Hazare, Dadasaheb Phalke, Lata Mangeshkar, Sunil Gavaskar, Sachin Tendulkar, and many more famous people are from Maharashtra.

While Mahatma Gandhi, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Morarji Desai, Homi Bhabha, Vikram Sarabhai, Jamsetji Tata, Dhirubhai Ambani, Narendra Modi, and Sunita Williams are some famous personalities of Gujrat State. Also, India’s richest people like Mukesh Ambani, Dilip Sanghvi, Gautam Adani, Azim Premji, and Palonji Mistry are also from Gujarat.

Maharashtra Gujarat
Religion Chhatrapati Shivji Maharaj,

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar,

Lokmanya Tilak,

Swatantraveer Savarkar,

Balasaheb Thackeray,

Anna Hazare,

Dadasaheb Phalke,

Lata Mangeshkar,

Sunil Gavaskar,

Sachin Tendulkar,

Mahatma Gandhi,

Mohammad Ali Jinnah,

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel,

Morarji Desai,

Homi Bhabha,

Vikram Sarabhai,

Jamsetji Tata,

Dhirubhai Ambani,

Narendra Modi,

Sunita Williams,

Mukesh Ambani,

Dilip Sanghvi,

Gautam Adani,

Azim Premji,

and Palonji Mistry


13. Tourist destinations of Maharashtra VS Gujarat 

Now Let me talk about some famous tourist destinations

Maharashtra Gujarat
Famous Tourist Destinations Mahabaleshwar

Shirdi

Gateway of India

Bibi Ka Maqbara

Adlabs imagica

Shaniwar Wada

Haji Ali Dargah

Gharapuri Caves

Marine drive

Konkan Coast

Matheran and Kolhapur

Rani ki Vav

Gir National Park

Dwarkadhish Temple

White salt lake

Somnath Temple

Marine National Park

Sabarmati Ashram

Laxmi Vilas Palace

Saputara

Pattan

and Mandvi


14. interesting facts of Maharashtra VS Gujarat

Now Let me tell you some interesting facts of these two states

Interesting Facts about Maharashtra 

1. In Mumbai, the economic Capital city of Maharashtra, more than 75 lakh people travel from Mumbai local every day, which is actually the more than the entire population of the Switzerland country.

2. Lonar Lake in Buldhana district of Maharashtra state was formed by the collision of a meteorite. It is the only one such a lake in India, which is found in Lonar, Maharashtra.

3. India’s first film was made in Maharashtra, which is Dadasaheb Phalke made in Nashik district.

4. The world’s largest onion market is in the Nashik district of Maharashtra and nearly half of the world’s onion is produced by Nashik district.

5. Maharashtra has the highest water dam in India, but it is regrettable that most of the dams are still dry.

6. Maharashtra has the highest number of forts, for which we thank Chhatrapati Shivji Maharaj, who built more than 300 forts in Maharashtra under his empire.

Interesting Facts about Gujarat 

1. Gujarat is one of the most developed states in India, this state shares the national border with Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh while shares the international border with Pakistan.

2. The coastline of Gujarat is bigger than all the states of India, which is about 1600 km long.

3. There are more than 18000 villages in Gujarat and each village has 24 hours of electric connections.

4. Gujarat has 17 airports, which is the highest number of airports among all states in India.

5. 70% of the world’s diamonds are polished in Surat, Gujarat.

6. Gujarat comes first in India in the production of cotton, milk, and salt and about 70% of India’s salt is exported from here.

7. In comparison to all the states of India, the most vegetarian people are living in Gujarat.

8. The world’s largest statue ‘Statue of Unity (182 meters)’ is located in Gujarat with a height of 182 meters.

So friends, which state did you like Maharashtra or Gujarat? Please write a comment box.

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State Comparison

Punjab VS Haryana State Comparison 2020

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punjab vs haryana state comparison

In this article, we have compared India’s 2 state Punjab and Haryana. For this comparison, we have used factors such as GDP, Area, Population, HDI, Literacy rate, etc.

Punjab & Haryana are now 2 different states with Chandigarh as their common capital City and union territory. Before 1969, Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh used to be one state. But after the independence of India, the people of the Sikh community living in Punjab wanted to create a separate state, because most of the Sikhs living here had thought that in their own state Punjab the rest of the people could become minorities. And that’s why the Sikh people started the “Punjabi Suba Andolan” in 1949.

Due to which, in November 1979, on the basis of language, the state of Punjab was divided into three new states of Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh.

Punjab Haryana
State’s Map
Region Northern Northern
Governor VP Singh Badnaur Satyadev Narayan Arya
Chief Minister (CM) Captain Amarinder Singh(INC) Manohar Lal Khattar (BJP)

GDP of Punjab VS Haryana 

Friends, if we compare the GDP of both the states then, the GDP of Punjab in 2020 is $84 Billion and is the fourteenth largest state in India in terms of GDP. The main source of Punjab state GDP comes from 46% of services, 24% from industry and 30% from agriculture. Punjab’s GDP growth rate is 10.4%. On the other hand, the GDP of Haryana is $114 Billion and It is the twelfth largest state in India in terms of GDP. The main GDP  source of Haryana State is 50% Services, 31% from Industry and 19% Agriculture. Haryana has a GDP growth rate of 12.6%. in 2020.

Punjab Haryana
GDP $84 Billion $110 Brillion
GDP Source 46% Services,

24% Industry,

and 30% of Agriculture

५०% Services,

३१% Industry,

and १९% of Agriculture

GDP Growth Rate 10.7% 12.8%

Area of Punjab VS Haryana 

If we talk about the area, then the total area of ​​Punjab is 50,372 km² and in terms of area, it is the nineteenth largest state of India while the total area of ​​Haryana is 44,212 km² and is the twentieth largest state in India in terms of area.
Punjab and Haryana together have 22 districts.  The capital city of these two states is Chandigarh. And if we talk about the biggest cities, then Ludhiana is the largest city of Punjab, while Faridabad is the biggest city of Haryana.

Punjab Haryana
Area 50,372 km² 44,212 km²
Area wise Rank 19th 20th
Total Districts 22 22
Capital City Chandigarh Chandigarh
Largest City Ludhiana Faridabad

The population of Punjab VS Haryana

Talking about the population, the population of Punjab is around 30 million and it is the sixteenth largest state of India. The Population Density of Punjab is 550 people / km².
Haryana has a population of 26 million and is the eighteenth largest state in terms of population. The Population Density of Haryana is 543 people / km².

Punjab Haryana
Population 3 Crore 2.8 Crore
Rank in India 16th 18th
Population Density 550 people / km² 573 people / km²

Religion in Punjab VS Haryana 

Talking about religion, Punjab state has 57.69% Sikhs people, 38.49% Hindus, 1.93% Islams, 1.26% Christianity, 0.16% Jains and 0.12% Buddhists and other religious people living in Punjab.
In the same Haryana, 87.46% Hindus, 7.03% Islams, 4.91% Sikhs, 0.21% Jains, 0.20% Christians, 0.03% Buddhists and other religious people living in Punjab.

Punjab Haryana
Religion Sikhism (57.69%)
Hinduism (38.49%)
Islam (1.93%)
Christianity (1.26%)
Jainism (0.16%)
Buddhism (0.12%)
Other or not religious (0.35%)
87.46% Hinduism,

7.03% Islams,

4.91% Sikhism,

0.21% Jainism,

0.20% Christianity,

0.03% of Buddhism


Famous Food in Punjab VS Haryana 

Punjab Haryana
Famous Food Sarso Ka saag Makke de Roti,
Butter Chicken,
Tandoori Chicken,
Chole bhature,
Masala gram,
Parathas,
Dal Makhani,
Paneer Tikka,
Amritsari Kulcha,
rice and beans,
Amritsari fish,
Pinni(Sweet dish)
And lassi
Besan Masala Roti,
Singari Sabji,
Mix Daal,
Hara Dhaniya Cholia,
Kadhi Pakora,
Malpua,
Sweet rice,
Bajara khichdi,
Bathua Raita,
Bajara Aloo Roti
Kachri Chutney,
Dahi Vada,
And Rajma Chawal

Poverty Rate of Punjab VS Haryana

Now let’s talk about the Poverty Rate. The poverty rate of Punjab is 8.26% whereas the Poverty Rate of Haryana is 11.16%. This means that 11.16% of Haryana’s people of Haryana are below the poverty line.

Punjab Haryana
Poverty Rate 8.26% 11.16%

Literacy Rate of Punjab VS Haryana

Literacy Rate of Punjab is 80%, Literacy Rate of Haryana is 78%.

Punjab Haryana
Literacy Rate 80% 78%

Festivals of Punjab VS Haryana 

Punjab Haryana
Famous Festivals Lohri,
Vasant Panchami,
Hola Mohalla,
Baisakhi,
Gurupurab,
Tika (Bhai Dooj),
Tian,
Diwali,Dussehra
And Ram Navami
Lohri,
Haryana Day (1 November),
Pinjore Heritage Festival,
Gagaur,
Baisakhi,
Gugga Navami,
And Kurukshetra

HDI of Punjab VS Haryana

Talking about HDI i.e. Human Development Index, HDI of Punjab is 0.721 while the HDI of Haryana is 0.704. HDI is calculated using Life Expectancy, Education and using Per Capita Income.

Punjab Haryana
Human Development Index(HDI) 0.721 0.704

Top 10 Largest Cities of Punjab VS Haryana 

Punjab Harayana
Top 10 Largest Cities Ludhiana,
Amritsar,
Jalandhar,
Patiala,
Bathinda
Ajitghar,
Hoshiarpur,
Moga,
Pathankot
And Batla
Faridabad,
Gurugram,
Panipat,
Ambala,
Yamunanagar,
Rohtak,
Hisar,
Karnal,
Sonipat
And Panchkula

Unemployment Rate of Punjab VS Haryana 

The Unemployment Rate of Haryana is 6% while the Unemployment Rate of Haryana is 8.6%. It Means 8.6% of Haryana’s people are jobless.

Punjab Haryana
Unemployment Rate 6% 8.6%

Life expectancy rate of Punjab VS Haryana 

Talking about the life expectancy rate, Punjab’s life expectancy rate is 71.6 years, while the life expectancy rate of Haryana is 68.6 years.

Punjab Haryana
Life expectancy rate 71.6 years 68.6 years

Tourist spots of Punjab VS Haryana 

Last but not least, let me tell you top tourist attractions of Punjab and Haryana

Punjab Haryana
Tourist spots Golden Temple
Wagah Border
Jallianwala Bagh
The Rock Garden
The Zakir Hussain Rose Garden
Gurudwara Nanaksar Jagraon
Nehru Rose Garden
Virasat-e-Khalsa
Sukhna Lake
Qila Mubarak
The Doraha Fort
Brahma Sarovar
Kingdom Of Dreams
Ambience Mall
Krishna Museum
Kurukshetra Panorama & Science Centre
Morni Hills
Gurudwara Nada Sahib
Town Park
Cactus Garden
Panipat Museum
Surajkund
Karnal Fort
Crown Interiorz Mall
TDI Mall

Conclusion: From my point of view both Punjab and Haryana state are equally flourishing and growing in every sector. Moreover, the Haryana state is much more developed than Punjab maybe because of the neighboring capital city Delhi. It’s per capita income is almost that of Eastern Europe, while Punjab is next to African countries. Drugs & alcohol are a big problem in Punjab and almost unheard of here. Punjabi people also eat meat but Haryanvi people are mostly vegetarian.

I hope you find this state comparison points interesting. if you have any doubts or you want to make changes in this article then let us know via comment section.

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